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Journal of Data and Information Science  2017, Vol. 2 Issue (2): 41-55    DOI: 10.1515/jdis-2017-0007
Research Paper     
Provenance Description of Metadata Vocabularies for the Long-term Maintenance of Metadata
Li Chunqiu1,(),Sugimoto Shigeo2
1Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba, Japan
2Faculty of Library, Information and Media Science, University of Tsukuba, Japan
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Abstract  

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss provenance description of metadata terms and metadata vocabularies as a set of metadata terms. Provenance is crucial information to keep track of changes of metadata terms and metadata vocabularies for their consistent maintenance.

Design/methodology/approach: The W3C PROV standard for general provenance description and Resource Description Framework (RDF) are adopted as the base models to formally define provenance description for metadata vocabularies.

Findings: This paper defines a few primitive change types of metadata terms, and a provenance description model of the metadata terms based on the primitive change types. We also provide examples of provenance description in RDF graphs to show the proposed model.

Research limitations: The model proposed in this paper is defined based on a few primitive relationships (e.g. addition, deletion, and replacement) between pre-version and post-version of a metadata term. The model is simplified and the practical changes of metadata terms can be more complicated than the primitive relationships discussed in the model.

Practical implications: Formal provenance description of metadata vocabularies can improve maintainability of metadata vocabularies over time. Conventional maintenance of metadata terms is the maintenance of documents of terms. The proposed model enables effective and automated tracking of change history of metadata vocabularies using simple formal description scheme defined based on widely-used standards.

Originality/value: Changes in metadata vocabularies may cause inconsistencies in the long-term use of metadata. This paper proposes a simple and formal scheme of provenance description of metadata vocabularies. The proposed model works as the basis of automated maintenance of metadata terms and their vocabularies and is applicable to various types of changes.



Key wordsMetadata maintenance      Metadata vocabulary      Metadata term      Metadata provenance      Metadata longevity     
Published: 25 February 2017
Cite this article:

Li Chunqiu, Sugimoto Shigeo. Provenance Description of Metadata Vocabularies for the Long-term Maintenance of Metadata. Journal of Data and Information Science, 2017, 2(2): 41-55.

URL:

http://manu47.magtech.com.cn/Jwk3_jdis/10.1515/jdis-2017-0007     OR     http://manu47.magtech.com.cn/Jwk3_jdis/Y2017/V2/I2/41

Subtypes of
PROV Entity
Subtypes of PROV Activity
Revision Addition Deletion Replacement
Vocabulary × × ×
Term
Term Definition
Table 1 Activities acted on Entities for provenance of metadata vocabularies.
Activity name Definition
RevisionOnVocabulary The revision of the contents or information of a metadata vocabulary
RevisionOnTerm The revision of a term of the metadata vocabulary
AdditionOnTerm The addition of a term
DeletionOnTerm The deletion of a term
ReplacementOnTerm The replacement of term(s) by other term(s)
RevisionOnTermDefinition The revision of a term definition
AdditionOnTermDefinition The addition of a term definition
DeletionOnTermDefinition The deletion of a term definition
ReplacementOnTermDefinition The replacement of a term definition by another term definition
Table 2 Definitions of the classified Activities for provenance of metadata vocabularies.
Change type Example
Revision of a Vocabulary BIBFRAME 1.0 vocabulary is revised to BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary.
Revision of a Term
Addition of a Term Class bf:Note is newly defined in BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary.
Deletion of a Term Property bf:otherEditionOf that was defined in BIBFRAME 1.0 vocabulary is deleted in BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary.
Replacement of a Term Property bf:credits in BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary essentially replaces bf:creditsNote in BIBFRAME 1.0 vocabulary; Subject heading “Folklore, Negro” is split into “Folklore, African” and “Folklore, Afro-American.”
Revision of a Term Definition
Addition of a Term Definition The inverse property to property bf:absorbed is added in BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary.
Deletion of a Term Definition The definitions of property bf:otherEditionOf that was defined in BIBFRAME 1.0 vocabulary is deleted in BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary.
Replacement of a Term Definition The expected value of property bf:copyrightRegistration is corrected in BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary.
Table 3 Primitive change types of metadata vocabularies and their terms with examples.
Figure 1. Example of provenance description of metadata vocabularies in RDF.
Figure 2. Example of provenance description of a metadata term in RDF.
[1] BIBFRAME 2.0 vocabulary list view.(2016. Retrieved on June 20, 2016, from .
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