Journal of Data and Information Science ›› 2020, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 39-50.doi: 10.2478/jdis-2020-0004

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  • 收稿日期:2020-01-17 修回日期:2020-03-06 接受日期:2020-03-10 出版日期:2020-04-15 发布日期:2020-04-17

The Second Edition of the Integrative Levels Classification: Evolution of a KOS

Ziyoung Park1,(), Claudio Gnoli2, Daniele P. Morelli3   

  1. 1Department of Library & Information Science, Hansung University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    2Science and Technology Library, University of Pavia, Pavia, 27100, Italy
    3Kaboom, Torino 10138, Italy
  • Received:2020-01-17 Revised:2020-03-06 Accepted:2020-03-10 Online:2020-04-15 Published:2020-04-17
  • Contact: Ziyoung Park


Purpose: This paper informs about the publication of the second edition of the Integrative Levels Classification (ILC2), a freely-faceted knowledge organization system (KOS), and reviews the main changes that have been introduced as compared to its first edition (ILC1).

Design/methodology/approach: The most relevant changes are illustrated, with special reference to those of interest to general classification theory, by means of examples of notation for individual classes and combinations of them.

Findings: Changes introduced in ILC2 include: the names and order of some main classes; the development of subclasses for various phenomena, especially quantities and algebraic structures; the order of facet categories and the new category of Disorder; notation for special facets; distinction of the semantical function of facets (attributes) from their syntactic function. The system can be freely accessed online through a PHP browser as well as in SKOS format.

Research limitations: Only a selection of changed classes is discussed for space reasons.

Practical implications: ILC1 has been previously applied to the BARTOC directory of KOSs. Update of BARTOC data to ILC2 and application of ILC2 to further information systems are envisaged. Possible methods for reclassifying BARTOC with ILC2 are discussed.

Originality: ILC is a newly developed classification system, based on phenomena instead of traditional disciplines and featuring various innovative devices. This paper is an original account of its most recent evolution.

Key words: Freely faceted classification, Fundamental categories, Knowledge organization system, Phenomenon-based classification