Journal of Data and Information Science ›› 2019, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (4): 26-41.doi: 10.2478/jdis-2019-0019

• Research Paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles

CiteOpinion: Evidence-based Evaluation Tool for Academic Contributions of Research Papers Based on Citing Sentences

Xiaoqiu Le1,(),Jingdan Chu2,Siyi Deng2,Qihang Jiao2,Jingjing Pei2,Liya Zhu1,Junliang Yao2   

  1. 1National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2019-11-08 Revised:2019-11-22 Online:2019-12-11 Published:2019-12-19
  • Contact: Xiaoqiu Le


Purpose: To uncover the evaluation information on the academic contribution of research papers cited by peers based on the content cited by citing papers, and to provide an evidence-based tool for evaluating the academic value of cited papers.

Design/methodology/approach: CiteOpinion uses a deep learning model to automatically extract citing sentences from representative citing papers; it starts with an analysis on the citing sentences, then it identifies major academic contribution points of the cited paper, positive/negative evaluations from citing authors and the changes in the subjects of subsequent citing authors by means of Recognizing Categories of Moves (problems,methods, conclusions, etc.), and sentiment analysis and topic clustering.

Findings: Citing sentences in a citing paper contain substantial evidences useful for academic evaluation. They can also be used to objectively and authentically reveal the nature and degree of contribution of the cited paper reflected by citation, beyond simple citation statistics.

Practical implications: The evidence-based evaluation tool CiteOpinion can provide an objective and in-depth academic value evaluation basis for the representative papers of scientific researchers, research teams, and institutions.

Originality/value: No other similar practical tool is found in papers retrieved.

Research limitations: There are difficulties in acquiring full text of citing papers. There is a need to refine the calculation based on the sentiment scores of citing sentences. Currently, the tool is only used for academic contribution evaluation, while its value in policy studies, technical application, and promotion of science is not yet tested.

Key words: Cited paper, Citing paper, Citing sentence, Citation motive, Citation sentiment, Academic contribution, Evaluation