Journal of Data and Information Science ›› 2020, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (3): 57-70.doi: 10.2478/jdis-2020-0031

• Research Papers • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Classification of Paper Values Based on Citation Rank and PageRank

Wataru Souma1,(), Irena Vodenska2,3, Lou Chitkushev2   

  1. 1College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Funabashi, 274-8501, Japan
    2Metropolitan College, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    3Center for Polymer Studies, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215,USA
  • Received:2020-01-31 Revised:2020-05-14 Accepted:2020-06-11 Online:2020-07-20 Published:2020-09-04
  • Contact: Wataru Souma


Purpose: The number of citations has been widely used to measure the significance of a paper. However, there is a need in introducing another index to determine superiority or inferiority of papers with the same number of citations. We determine superiority or inferiority of papers by using the ranking based on the number of citations and PageRank.

Design/methodology/approach: We show the positive linear correlation between Citation Rank (the ranking of the number of citation) and PageRank. On this basis, we identify high-quality, prestige, emerging, and popular papers.

Findings: We found that the high-quality papers belong to the subjects of biochemistry and molecular biology, chemistry, and multidisciplinary sciences. The prestige papers correspond to the subjects of computer science, engineering, and information science. The emerging papers are related to biochemistry and molecular biology, as well as those published in the journal “Cell.” The popular papers belong to the subject of multidisciplinary sciences.

Research limitations: We analyze the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) from 1981 to 2015 to calculate Citation Rank and PageRank within a citation network consisting of 34,666,719 papers and 591,321,826 citations.

Practical implications: Our method is applicable to forecast emerging fields of research subjects in science and helps policymakers to consider science policy.

Originality/value: We calculated PageRank for a giant citation network which is extremely larger than the citation networks investigated by previous researchers.

Key words: Number of citation, PageRank, High-quality papers, Prestige papers, Emerging papers, Popular papers